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  • Your Good Partner in Biology Research

    Recombinant Human CD81 antigen(CD81),partial

    • 货号:
      CSB-EP004960HUb1
    • 规格:
    • 图片:
      • (Tris-Glycine gel) Discontinuous SDS-PAGE (reduced) with 5% enrichment gel and 15% separation gel.
    • 其他:

    产品详情

    • 纯度:
      Greater than 85% as determined by SDS-PAGE.
    • 基因名:
      CD81
    • Uniprot No.:
    • 种属:
      Homo sapiens (Human)
    • 蛋白长度:
      Partial
    • 来源:
      E.coli
    • 分子量:
      17.2 kDa
    • 表达区域:
      113-201aa
    • 氨基酸序列
      FVNKDQIAKDVKQFYDQALQQAVVDDDANNAKAVVKTFHETLDCCGSSTLTALTTSVLKNNLCPSGSNIISNLFKEDCHQKIDDLFSGK
      Note: The complete sequence including tag sequence, target protein sequence and linker sequence could be provided upon request.
    • 蛋白标签:
      N-terminal 10xHis-tagged and C-terminal Myc-tagged
    • 产品提供形式:
      Liquid or Lyophilized powder
      Note: We will preferentially ship the format that we have in stock, however, if you have any special requirement for the format, please remark your requirement when placing the order, we will prepare according to your demand.
    • 缓冲液:
      If the delivery form is liquid, the default storage buffer is Tris/PBS-based buffer, 5%-50% glycerol. If the delivery form is lyophilized powder, the buffer before lyophilization is Tris/PBS-based buffer, 6% Trehalose, pH 8.0.
    • 复溶:
      We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20℃/-80℃. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.
    • 储存条件:
      Store at -20°C/-80°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 保质期:
      The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
      Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
    • 货期:
      Delivery time may differ from different purchasing way or location, please kindly consult your local distributors for specific delivery time.
    • 注意事项:
      Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4℃ for up to one week.
    • Datasheet & COA:
      Please contact us to get it.

    产品评价

    靶点详情

    • 功能:
      Structural component of specialized membrane microdomains known as tetraspanin-enriched microdomains (TERMs), which act as platforms for receptor clustering and signaling. Essential for trafficking and compartmentalization of CD19 receptor on the surface of activated B cells. Upon initial encounter with microbial pathogens, enables the assembly of CD19-CR2/CD21 and B cell receptor (BCR) complexes at signaling TERMs, lowering the threshold dose of antigen required to trigger B cell clonal expansion and antibody production. In T cells, facilitates the localization of CD247/CD3 zeta at antigen-induced synapses with B cells, providing for costimulation and polarization toward T helper type 2 phenotype. Present in MHC class II compartments, may also play a role in antigen presentation. Can act both as positive and negative regulator of homotypic or heterotypic cell-cell fusion processes. Positively regulates sperm-egg fusion and may be involved in acrosome reaction. In myoblasts, associates with CD9 and PTGFRN and inhibits myotube fusion during muscle regeneration. In macrophages, associates with CD9 and beta-1 and beta-2 integrins, and prevents macrophage fusion into multinucleated giant cells specialized in ingesting complement-opsonized large particles. Also prevents the fusion of mononuclear cell progenitors into osteoclasts in charge of bone resorption. May regulate the compartmentalization of enzymatic activities. In T cells, defines the subcellular localization of dNTPase SAMHD1 and permits its degradation by the proteasome, thereby controlling intracellular dNTP levels. Also involved in cell adhesion and motility. Positively regulates integrin-mediated adhesion of macrophages, particularly relevant for the inflammatory response in the lung.; (Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for hepatitis C virus (HCV) in hepatocytes. Association with CLDN1 and the CLDN1-CD81 receptor complex is essential for HCV entry into host cell.; (Microbial infection) Involved in SAMHD1-dependent restriction of HIV-1 replication. May support early replication of both R5- and X4-tropic HIV-1 viruses in T cells, likely via proteasome-dependent degradation of SAMHD1.; (Microbial infection) Specifically required for Plasmodium falciparum infectivity of hepatocytes, controlling sporozoite entry into hepatocytes via the parasitophorous vacuole and subsequent parasite differentiation to exoerythrocytic forms.
    • 基因功能参考文献:
      1. CD81 might be a potential prognostic biomarker associated with poor patient prognosis in breast cancer. PMID: 30117494
      2. Tetraspanin hCD81 backbone domains are critical to signal for productive Hepatitis C Virus entry. A cholesterol-coordinating glutamate residue in CD81 promotes HCV infection. The backbone domains of hCD81 are additional HCV susceptibility-determining factors. PMID: 29677132
      3. results demonstrate that the interaction of CD81 with SAMHD1 controls the metabolic rate of HIV-1 replication by tuning the availability of building blocks for reverse transcription, namely dNTPs.Together with its role in HIV-1 entry and budding into host cells, the data indicate that HIV-1 uses CD81 as a rheostat that controls different stages of the infection PMID: 28871089
      4. CD81 is preferentially expressed in first trimester human placentas and progressively down-regulated with gestation advance in normal physiological conditions. CD81 up-regulation is detected in trophoblasts and cells in the villous core, and maternal sera of patients with early-onset severe preeclampsia. PMID: 28167787
      5. CD81 cell surface expression had a negative impact on survival in acute myeloid leukemia. PMID: 27566555
      6. Results from crystallography and molecular dynamics of CD81 long-extracellular loop (LEL) show that its flexibility is an inherent molecular property likely to be tuned by variation in pH and redox conditions. This tuning mechanism would explain the priming role ascribed to CD81LEL in rendering the virus-receptor complex fusogenic during cell entry. PMID: 27916518
      7. Free energy calculations indicated that the E2/CD81 binding process might follow a two-step model involving (i) the electrostatic interaction-driven initial binding of human-specific E2-site2, followed by (ii) changes in the E2 orientation to facilitate the hydrophobic and van der Waals interaction-driven binding of E2-site1 PMID: 28481946
      8. A new link between HCV receptor molecules and the hepatocyte glycocalyx, namely, CD81 and Synd-1. PMID: 27930836
      9. Study used molecular dynamics simulations to gain insights into the role of local conformational flexibility in nanodomain formation in the plasma membrane, using the tetraspanin molecule CD81 as a model; suggest that exposing a flexible domain of CD81 enables binding to interaction partners by circumventing the restriction of orientation and conformational freedom of membrane proteins PMID: 27276264
      10. Studies have shown that CD81 regulates cell migration and invasion, and has therefore been implicated in tumor growth, cancer progression and metastasis. CD81 is expressed in most types of cancer, and the overexpression or down-regulation of this molecule has been correlated with either good or bad prognosis. [review] PMID: 28408492
      11. The transmembrane segments of CD81 pack as two largely separated pairs of helices, capped by the large extracellular loop (EC2) at the outer membrane leaflet. The two pairs of helices converge at the inner leaflet to create an intramembrane pocket with additional electron density corresponding to a bound cholesterol molecule within the cavity. PMID: 27881302
      12. Results suggest that the CD81 antigen (CD81) expressed by B cells has differential effects on B cell proliferation or apoptosis according to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and the expression level of CD81. PMID: 26498453
      13. CD81 expression was lower in systemic sclerosis patients compared to controls independent of disease duration. PMID: 26926492
      14. IFI6 inhibits HCV entry by impairing EGFR mediated CD81/CLDN1 interactions. This may be relevant to other virus entry processes employing EGFR. PMID: 25757571
      15. Data suggest that the intramolecular 188-196 bond restricts the intrinsic conformational dynamics of D-helix of cluster of differentiation 81 (CD81)-large extracellular loop (LEL), which is essential for hepatitis C virus entry. PMID: 26116703
      16. LDLR was not required for the degradation of CD81 by PCSK9, but its presence strengthened the PCSK9 effect. PMID: 26195630
      17. These data revealed the crucial role played by His490 and His621 in hepatitis C virus infection, particularly during CD81 binding in cell entry. PMID: 25701820
      18. findings suggest that homozygous CD81 rs708564 TT may be a genetic modifier for avoiding HCV infection whether as a sole single nucleotide polymorphism or combined with the CLDN1 rs893051 GG genotype PMID: 25934191
      19. Hsp70/40 stimulated the association of Hsp104 with aggregates and increased the duration of this association PMID: 25635054
      20. Data indicate that HIV-1 colocalizes with CD81 antigen-lined vesicle compartments in astrocytes. PMID: 24587404
      21. Vpu-mediated downregulation of CD81 from the surfaces of infected T cells contributed to preserving the infectiousness of viral particles. PMID: 25568205
      22. The data suggest an important role played by the W(437)LAGLF(442) helix of the hepatitis C virus E2 protein in the hydrophobic interaction with the D-helix of CD81. PMID: 25339761
      23. We have developed infectious pseudo particles of local 3a-isolate and concluded that a number of liver-specific surface proteins function along with CD81 and SRBI receptor regarding HCV infectivity PMID: 24549717
      24. Amino acids Y507, V514, and V515 of hepatitis C virus E2 contribute to interaction with HCV receptor CD81. PMID: 24990994
      25. CLEC4M and CD81 both are still crucial for hepatitis C virus entry into hepatocytes. PMID: 24965233
      26. Authors show enhanced hepatoma migration and invasion following expression of CD81 and a reduction in invasive potential upon CD81 silencing. PMID: 24662676
      27. These results strongly suggest that CD81 stimulates melanoma cell motility by inducing MT1-MMP expression through the Akt-dependent Sp1 activation signaling pathway, leading to increased melanoma invasion and metastasis. PMID: 24733393
      28. study reported on seven CD81 SNP's present in human populations that all facilitate HCV entry in vitro PMID: 24211330
      29. The large extracellular loop (LEL) of CD81 is a molecule that is highly conserved and it was hypothesised that variation in the CD81 LEL sequence may modify susceptibility to HCV infection; no differences in nucleotide sequence influencing susceptibility to, or outcome of hepatitis C virus infection or evidence of methylation of the gene were found. PMID: 24122777
      30. Radiation increases the cellular uptake of exosomes through CD29/CD81 complex formation. PMID: 24667602
      31. results demonstrate important roles of CD81 in both entry and budding stages of the influenza infection cycle. PMID: 24130495
      32. A specific association between alpha4beta1 and CD81, CD82 and CD151 was demonstrated and antibodies to CD81 and CD82 augmented adhesion of proerythroblasts to Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1. PMID: 23704882
      33. Authors demonstrated that EWI-2wint promotes CD81 clustering and confinement in CD81-enriched areas. PMID: 23351194
      34. Two SNPs in the CD81 gene, that encodes the molecule involved in the signal modulation of B lymphocytes, show a strong association with alloimmunization in sickle cell disease. PMID: 23762099
      35. CD81 interacts with ICAM-1 and CD3 during conjugation between T cells and antigen-presenting cells PMID: 23858057
      36. HRas signal transduction promotes hepatitis C virus cell entry by triggering the host CD81-CLDN1 complex formation. PMID: 23498955
      37. Data indicate frequent down-regulation of CD81 expression in gastric cancer cell lines and primary tumor tissues. PMID: 23264205
      38. In summary, these data highlight the dynamic nature of CD81 and demonstrate a role for CD81 lateral diffusion to regulate hepatitis C virus infection in a polarization-dependent manner. PMID: 23126643
      39. Interaction of Rac1 with the C-terminal cytoplasmic domain of CD81 is a novel regulatory mechanism of the GTPase activity turnover. PMID: 23264468
      40. These findings together indicate that the HCV RNA replication status plays a crucial determinant in HCV growth by modulating the expression and intracellular localization of CD81. PMID: 23349980
      41. CD81 interacts with the T cell receptor to suppress signaling. PMID: 23226274
      42. Fluorescent Resonance Energy Transfer studies confirm a role for these CD81 residues in claudin-1 association and Hepatitis C virus infection. PMID: 22897233
      43. data demonstrate that EGFR internalization is critical for hepatitis C virus entry and identify a hitherto-unknown association between CD81 and EGFR PMID: 22855500
      44. our results show that CD81 may have a relevant role in MM pathogenesis and represent a novel adverse prognostic marker in myeloma. PMID: 22333880
      45. A novel membrane binding interface was revealed adjacent to the exposed HCV interaction site in the extracellular loop of CD81. PMID: 22740401
      46. These results suggest that palmitoylation of CD81 should facilitate hepatitis C virus entry, at least in part, by regulating the association of CD81 with tetraspanin-enriched microdomains. PMID: 22560863
      47. Soluble serum CD81 is elevated in patients with chronic hepatitis C and correlates with alanine aminotransferase serum activity. PMID: 22355327
      48. Heptatitis c virus (HCV) specific E2 and host CD81 antibodies reduce HCV pseudoparticle entry. PMID: 22074322
      49. Hepatitis C virus is primed by CD81 protein for low pH-dependent fusion PMID: 21737455
      50. CD81 is required for the formation of actin membrane protrusions via RAC1 activation in adhesion-dependent immune cell migration. PMID: 21677313

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    • 相关疾病:
      Immunodeficiency, common variable, 6 (CVID6)
    • 亚细胞定位:
      Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Basolateral cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.
    • 蛋白家族:
      Tetraspanin (TM4SF) family
    • 组织特异性:
      Expressed on B cells (at protein level). Expressed in hepatocytes (at protein level). Expressed in monocytes/macrophages (at protein level). Expressed on both naive and memory CD4-positive T cells (at protein level).
    • 数据库链接:

      HGNC: 1701

      OMIM: 186845

      KEGG: hsa:975

      STRING: 9606.ENSP00000263645

      UniGene: Hs.54457



    1v1周青梅郑宣木天寥
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